Throughout Marie de France's lays, I have noticed an on going theme of people not being with who they love. For example in Laustic, the man and woman look out of the window at each other as the Nightingale sings but never actually get to be together. In the Lay of the Honeysuckle, although Tristan is successful in having an affair with Queen Isoude, they do not get to be together ultimately because she is already married to King Mark. Both the woman who looks out the window in Laustic and Queen Isoude in the Lay of the Honeysuckle are already married. For this reason, they should not be interested in another partner as this would be adultery. However, as one reads the lays it is easy to forget about adultery and have sympathy for the people trapped in relationships in which they are not happy. Women are not seen as deceitful in Marie de France's lays as they are in earlier works we have read. Marie de France writes in a way that we can sympathize with them.
She also gives women considerable power in her lays that we do not see in works by different authors. For example in the lay, Lanval, Lanval's partner seems to take control over him by first rescuing him from court where the king has accused him of a crime and then taking him off on a horse. It is no surprise that Marie de France gives women more power in her lays as she was believed to be the first woman French writer.