Wednesday, November 28, 2012
Montaigne's Views on Auto-da-fé in Candide
After reading the first 12 chapters of Candide, we have already had several instances of sinners being burned alive on the stake which is also called Auto-da-fé. For example, the two Jewish men were burned for not eating bacon and a man was burned for marrying his god mother. Montaigne in "Of Cannibals" talked about the Europeans' cruel ways of punishing by burning sinners alive. He completely disagreed with it and felt that burning people alive like it was done in Europe was much more barbaric than eating people once they were dead like it was done in the New World. It is interesting that we can see Montaigne's description of European barbaric punishment in action throughout the beginning of Candide. At the end of chapter 12 of Candide, we see the characters Candide, Cunégonde, and the old lady are on a boat to the New World. It will be interesting to see if anything is mentioned in the upcoming chapters of Candide of people being eaten by cannibals after they are dead in the New World like Montaigne talks about.