Literature became more focused on the individual, basically the
ordinary individual’s experience of ordinary life. Some realist writers like Flaubert
paid excruciating attention to details and others like Kafka and Baudelaire
worked with symbols. Impressionism seemed to pay less attention to lines and
details and allowed colors and brushstrokes to take charge and let the viewer’s
eye assemble and interpret the painting. It also depicted ordinary life events.
Perhaps industrialization, scientific
discoveries and progress had shifted the focus of the arts onto the rising
middle class. Materialism and social re-structuring possibly caused a sense of alienation
and uncertainty which inspired artists to explore their rapidly changing environment
through their work and depictions of how ordinary people navigated life.