In Chapter 5 of "Arts and Ideas," Byzntine art is contrasted with Roman art. Flemming describes Byzantine art as typically ornate, two dimensional, having a shimmery background, and stressing the divinity of Jesus and his remoteness from wordly matters. On the other hand, Roman art is usually three dimensional, simpler than Byzantine art, and has a natural background, such as hills, the sea, or a blue sky. Also, Flemming emphasizes that the Arian-Roman panels depict Christ's wordly life and human suffering, unlike the Byantine frieze which accentuates his divinity and remoteness from worldly matters.
The picture to the right is an example of Byzantine art.